Types and Predictors of Talent

There are 4 types of talent in sport. These are:

  • Unidimensional
  • Multidimensional
  • Unisport
  • Multisport

On this page we will describe to you what these 4 types of talent are.

Unidimensional

This is where a sport’s person excels in one activity or aspect of performance. Athlete’s who fall into this catergory tend to be limited in their potential. They have a small amount of sports related skills which can be transferred to other sports. A good example of this is a 100 meter sprinter who struggles to compete at 200 meters as their aerobic endurance isn’t too good.

Multidimensional

This is where athletes are broad in talent. These athletes have the ability to combine physical, emotional and intangible skills every minute of their game. for example you can have the ability to play central midfield in football but at the same time be a world-class tennis player in that you’re not running in a straight line constantly in both sports. your also making decisions and reacting to team mates or your opponents.

Unisport

This is what near enough all pro athletes are; world-class and proficient in one sport. For Example Tiger Woods is a wold-class athlete in golf but not an all round athlete. This was probably because he was pushed at an early age to concentrate on golf ( Specialisation competition) also with huge amounts of money paid to develop his game.

Primary second and middle schools aren’t good enough to develop young children’s talents so academies are in place from the age of 6, as these academies have more knowledge and understanding on how to develop the key kills needed in that particular skills. Although coaches think this is a stated fact but also believe it is a mistake as this will prevent more multisport athlete being produced.

Multisport

A multisport athlete is an athlete that can participate in two or more sports at a higher level.Two prime examples of a multisport athletes are Charles Burgess Fry and Jim Thorpe. Charles Burgess Fry played 26 test matches for England cricket team, he also equaled the world record for the long jump in the athletics and became champion in the 100 yard sprint in 1894; also during this year he started a carrier in football spanning three years playing for Portsmouth and Southampton, also representing England. As well a this he played rugby for the Barbarians.

This type of athlete is rapidly decreasing because children as young a 6 are concentrating on one sport and trying to become a world-class athlete in tat sport. Coaches believe that sport persons should be encouraged to play in many sports as they can before choosing a specialist sport.

Predictors of Talent

There are 5 predictors of talent, these are looked at through tests and questionnaires. They fall under these catergories:

  • Physical
  • Physiological
  • Sociological
  • Psychological
  • Skill

Here we will describe the 5 predictors.

 Physical

This is where possible athletes are tested on their height, weight, muscle girth, somato type an their limb length. Talent scouts look at these to decide whether an athlete will suit which sport.

Physiological

Physiological is where the athletes do fitness testing on different components of fitness to their sport, for example the 30m sprint to test their speed or the bleep test to for their aerobic endurance. Also the testing must relate to the sport for example you wouldn’t have a swimmer do an illinois agility test. 

Sociological

This could be things that the could be out of the hands of the athlete. These things could be parental support, the parents not agreeing they join, or they may not have the financial backing. Practice oppourtunities could be limited as schooling would take up some time and also playing for other clubs. These things can be found out by questionnaire from the individual and parents.

Physcological

Here we will be looking at things such as a players concentration in the game, how confident they are with their ability, the anticipation they have of making decisions, wheter or not they get them right or wrong and also their game intellegence. We will look at all these things during the trial period and games played.

Skill

Skill is broken down into two parts, general motor skills and technical and tactical skills:

General motor Skills: these skills as thinds such as our balance and hand eye co-ordination, also our body awareness is a factor.

Technical and tactical skills: these are the skills picked up through our experience in the game. A key contribute to these skills is our ability to read the game

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